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The first place everyone looks today is Google. A search of “Australian Standards for cranes” will result in a relevant list.
SAI Global is the publisher for Australian Standards. Their website for searching standards is http://infostore.saiglobal.com/store/. Any Australian Standard and relevant International Standard can be searched from this website.
Australian Standards are copyright protected. On SAI Global’s website standards can be purchased in hardcopy or electronic form and for individual or corporate use.
CICA Members have FREE access to over 25 Australian Standards that relate to cranes and lifting equipment as part of membership. This includes Australian Standards for Hoists and Bridge and Gantry Crane Design and Safe Use.
Monorail (not including the hoist)
Runway of an Overhead Crane
Collector systems for electric overhead travelling cranes
Overhead Travelling Crane
Steel Wire Rope - Use, operation and maintenance Specifies procedure
Steel wire rope
05 Guide to Inspecting and Maintaining Cranes
06 Bridge and Gantry Cranes Information Sheet
The Crane Standard 2550 was designed to cover a wide range of cranes and their applications. It is made up of the following parts:
2550.1 – 2011:
Cranes, hoists and winches – Safe use general requirements
2550.3 – 2002:
Cranes, hoists and winches – Safe use – Bridge, gantry, portal (including container cranes), jib andmonorail cranes
2550.4 – 2004:
Cranes, hoists and winches – Safe use – Tower cranes
2550.5 – 2002:
Cranes, hoists and winches – Safe use – Mobilecranes
2550.6 – 1995:
Cranes – Safe use – Guided storing and retrieving appliances
2550.7 – 1996:
Cranes – Safe use – Builders hoists and associatedequipment
2550.9 – 1996:
Cranes – Safe use – Vehicle hoists
Cranes – Safe use – Elevating work platforms
2550.11 – 2004
Cranes, hoists and winches – Safe use – VehicleLoading Cranes
2550.13 – 1997
Cranes – Safe use – Building maintenance units
2550.15 – 1994
Cranes – Safe use – Concrete placing equipment
2550.16 – 1997
Cranes – Safe use – Mast climbing work platforms
2550.19 – 2007
Cranes, hoists and winches – Safe use – Telescopichandlers
2550.20 – 2005
Cranes, hoists and winches – Safe use – Self erectingtower cranes
It is acknowledged that the individual part of the standard (i.e., for Bridge Cranes, that would be AS2550.3 2002), overrides the General Requirements of AS2550.1-2011. This is supported in the scope of AS2550.3, Section 1.1 where it states: ‘It (this standard) is complementary to AS2550.1, but the requirements given herein take precedence’
To provide an example of this:
In AS2550.1, Table F1 (Recommended Minimum Maintenance and Inspection Service Requirements) lists that Periodic third-party inspections shall be performed every 52 weeks. In table 7.2.1 of AS2550.3 (Recommended Maximum Period Between Maintenance/Inspection Services) it states that Third Party Inspections should be performed (optional) between 1 and 3 years dependent on the classification of the Crane. In this instance for Overhead Cranes, you would engage AS2550.3 as the primary standard.
In addition of the above statement, as a reference, 2550.1-2011 is published in 2011 and 2550.3-2002 is published in 2002, 2550.1-2011 may contain more information on recent technology than 2550.3-2002.
Australian Standards are considered by Regulators and Legal Bodies as the minimum benchmark of a common “state of knowledge” for an industry. While following Australian Standards is not required, the burden of proof lies with the accused to provide evidence why Australian Standards were not followed.
Australian Standards are developed by a diverse committee of industry experts that consider what standard of design and safe use is applicable in Australia. Furthermore, Australian Standards are reviewed during development by the general public.
As mentioned earlier, Standards are not legislated in the National Work Health and Safety Regulations. Specific items, like Major Inspections, are defined in the Regulations and the content elaborated in Australian Standards.
Australian Standards are referred to in the WA OHS Act. As an example, Section 4.54 of the WA OHS Regulations refers to AS2550 for the safe use of cranes.
The following is an excerpt from Standards Australia website FAQs:
‘On their own, Standards have no legal status and no requirement for compliance by manufacturers, consumers or the public, hence the term ‘voluntary standard’. Australian (ASA) or joint Australian/New Zealand (AS/NZS) Standards are often called up in State and Commonwealth legislation’
‘The Commonwealth, State and Territory governments may choose to incorporate this Australian Standard into their occupational and safety law. The exact manner of incorporation will determine whether the whole document is incorporated. The manner of incorporation will determine which of the Standards requirements (‘shall’ statements) have been made a legal requirement in a jurisdiction. As a general principle, where an Australian Standard is incorporated by a regulation, the legal status of the Standards requirements and recommendation is made clear by the incorporation provisions of the regulation.
‘Jurisdictions may also choose to incorporate this Australian Standard (either in whole or in part) in an Approved Code of Practice made under OH&S law. The purpose of an Approved Code of Practice is to provide practical guidance on how to meet the obligations arising from the enabling OH&S Act or regulations made under the Act.’
It is wise to ensure that all items used in Australia are subject to the minimum requirements of the Australian Standard for the item in question. If the items does not bear the mark of compliance to an Australian Standard but it has been assessed and meets the minimum requirements, then there is potential that the item could be used in Australia. If there was to be an incident with the item, there is the potential that the meeting of the minimum standard would have to be proven within a legal framework.